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Capella 4030 Assessment 2

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    Capella 4030 Assessment 2

    Capella 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4030 Making Evidence-Based Decisions

    Prof. Name


    Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

    This conversation revolves around utilizing an evidence based approach to tackle concerns regarding the quality and safety of healthcare specifically focusing on medication errors. Medication errors are a threat to patient well-being. It is crucial to have an effective strategy in place to minimize them. To move forward we will explore the significance of selecting and evaluating resources. How these resources can be incorporated into evidence based practice particularly using the Iowa Model in order to enhance patient outcomes. By the end of our discussion you will see how impactful evidence based practices can be, in improving both the quality and safety of healthcare.

    Quality or Safety Issue – Medication Errors

    Medication errors, a concern regarding the quality and safety of healthcare present an opportunity for intervention based on evidence. These errors can manifest in ways, such as dosage, improper timing of administration, wrong medication selection or administering to the wrong patient. Such mistakes can result in a range of outcomes from patient discomfort to harm or even loss of life (Arteaga et al., 2022). Employing an evidence based approach holds significance in addressing this issue due to reasons. Firstly, it incorporates the most reliable research findings into practice thereby enhancing the safety and quality of patient care. According to research, incorporating evidence-based strategies like bar coded pharmaceutical administration systems and computerized physician order input systems can considerably lower medication mistakes (Stolic et al., 2022).

    Secondly an evidence based approach combines the expertise and experiences of healthcare professionals, with values to ensure patient centered care. The study emphasizes that when a clinician’s knowledge and research evidence are merged with a patient’s preferences and values it leads to healthcare decisions (Lavallee et al., 2020).

    In the end using evidence as a basis offers a way to identify, assess and put into action strategies that effectively prevent medication errors. This not only enhances outcomes but also improves the overall delivery of healthcare. Studies show that interventions based on evidence, like medication reconciliation procedures and staff training have an impact in reducing medication errors (Patel et al., 2019).

    Determining Credibility of Resources

    It is crucial to assess the credibility of resources, like journal articles and websites when looking for information. Key criteria for determining this credibility include the source’s authority, the author’s credentials and expertise, the regency of the information, and for journal articles, whether they have undergone a peer-review process. High-impact, peer-reviewed journals or websites associated with respected institutions generally offer more reliable information. Likewise, authors with relevant qualifications and an established track record in their field of study tend to produce trustworthy content. The relevance and applicability of the information often increase if the material is recent, reflecting the latest findings in the field.

    To illustrate these criteria’s application, let’s consider the Arteaga et al. (2022) paper referenced in the answer to Criteria 1. The source of the article, IntechOpen, is an authoritative and reputable open-access publisher, and the authors have professional credentials in the related field, meeting the source authority and author expertise criteria. The recent publication year (2022) ensures the information is up-to-date, addressing the recency criterion. Lastly, despite being an open-access platform, IntechOpen follows a peer-review process, reinforcing the credibility of its published articles. Therefore, based on these outlined criteria, the Arteaga et al. (2022) article can be considered a highly credible resource.

    Analysis of Credibility and Relevance of Evidence

    Upon individually evaluating each of the resources using the established credibility and relevance criteria, it is evident that they offer varying levels of alignment to our specific quality and safety issue in medication errors. While the resources by Arteaga et al. (2022) and Lavallee et al. (2020) offer reliable and credible information, their focus is not specifically on medication errors, thereby making their relevance to our issue slightly less. In contrast, the resources by Stolic et al. (2022) and Patel et al. (2019) provide a more direct correlation to our selected topic.

    They are credible due to their peer-reviewed status and the expertise of their authors, and they are particularly relevant because they delve into intervention strategies to curb medication errors. Stolic et al. (2022) stands out due to its targeted focus on the use of electronic medication administration records, presenting a practical, evidence-based strategy to mitigate medication errors. The work by Patel et al. (2019) is also very pertinent, underscoring the integral role pharmacists play in medication reconciliation – a key strategy in preventing medication errors.

    Importance of Incorporating Credible Evidence into an Evidence-Based Practice Model

    Incorporating credible evidence into an evidence-based practice (EBP) model is of paramount importance in addressing quality or safety issues in healthcare, including the pervasive issue of medication errors. The essence of EBP is the integration of best available research evidence, alongside the clinician’s expertise and patient preferences, which leads to improved patient outcomes. One model that encapsulates this approach is the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice. In the context of medication errors for instance this approach could be effectively utilized to decrease incidents and enhance safety. The Iowa Model commences, by identifying a problem or issue related to medication errors.

    Subsequently the team examines the relevant and trustworthy research evidence like the studies on electronic medication administration records conducted by Stolic et al. (2022) and pharmacist involved reconciliation processes as explored by Patel et al. (2019). After an examination the team would create a set of guidelines or protocols based on this evidence with the aim of reducing medication errors. These new guidelines would then be tested in a setting and their effectiveness would be evaluated. If successful, these revised practices would be implemented broadly while continuously monitoring and evaluating their effectiveness in reducing medication errors.

    By incorporating evidence into the Iowa Model EBP it helps establish a systematic and thorough approach towards mitigating medication errors. This underscores the significance of research, in shaping practices thereby enhancing safety, improving healthcare delivery and ensuring optimal patient outcomes.


    In conclusion it is essential to integrate evidence into an evidence based practice (EBP) model, like the Iowa Model to address healthcare issues such as medication errors. By adopting an evidence based approach we can promote the implementation of interventions and improve patient outcomes. Additionally, this approach highlights the importance of teamwork, in driving change fostering a culture of learning and ensuring high quality patient care. Therefore evidence based practice remains a component of healthcare leading to safer, more efficient and patient focused care.


    Arteaga, G. M., Bacu, L., & Franco, P. M. (2022). Patient safety in the critical care setting: Common risks and review of evidence-based mitigation strategies. IntechOpen. 

    Lavallee, D. C., Lee, J. R., Austin, E., Bloch, R., Lawrence, S. O., McCall, D., Munson, S. A., Nery-Hurwit, M. B., & Amtmann, D. (2020). Health and patient generated health data: Stakeholder perspectives on opportunities and barriers for transforming healthcare. MHealth, 6, 8–8. 

    Patel, E., Pevnick, J. M., & Kennelty, K. A. (2019). Pharmacists and medication reconciliation: A review of recent literature. Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice. Stolic, S., Ng, L., & Sheridan, G. (2022). Electronic medication administration records and nursing administration of medications: An integrative review. Collegian, 30(1).

    Capella 4030 Assessment 2