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Capella 4040 Assessment 1

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    Capella 4040 Assessment 1

    Capella 4040 Assessment 1 Nursing Informatics in Health Care

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4040 Managing Health Information and Technology

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Nursing Informatics and the Nurse Informaticist

    What is nursing informatics?

     Nursing informatics is a specialized healthcare field that integrates nursing sciences with information technology to enhance nursing practices by accurately managing patient health data, information, and its exchange among interdisciplinary teams. The primary goal of this discipline is to improve patient care, ameliorate the quality of care provided, and boost patient’s positive health outcomes. Nursing informatics (NI) promotes using health information technologies to support and enhance the delivery of high-quality healthcare treatments to patients (American Nursing Association, n.d.).

    According to the Australian College of Nursing, the NI is a specialty that combines nursing sciences, analytical sciences, and information sciences in one frame to find, analyze, manage, and share data, wisdom, and knowledge in nursing practices. Multiple countries, including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and America, have integrated this as a subject in nursing curricula to enhance digital literacy among nursing students and utilize digital health tools to enhance patient care and speed up recovery through the accurate and timely provision of care to patients (Harerimana et al., 2021). 

    Role of Nurse Informaticist

    • Nurse informaticists are involved in selecting, implementing, and maintaining electronic health records (EHR) systems and other health information technologies to ensure these systems are effectively integrated and working in clinical practice. Their role is to help accomplish the goals of improved documentation, better access to patient health data, and enhanced interdisciplinary team communication through EHRs (Anderson et al., 2023). Moreover, they play a significant role in developing and implementing clinical decision support systems (CDSS). This involves collaboration with a multidisciplinary team to assess the requirements of CDSS, such as clinical workflows and areas where decision support via CDSS is the most fruitful. Furthermore, they customize the systems to meet the unique needs of healthcare settings by configuring alerts and clinical protocols. They further guide nurses and other staff on its practical use through adequate education and training. Lastly, they ensure the seamless integration of CDSS within the department to make informed patient decisions (Byrne, 2020).  
    • Their role of educating and training healthcare staff on the effective use of technology is paramount in delivering high-quality care treatments with the aid of technology. This involves training staff on using EHR systems, protecting patients’ protected health information and data security, and best practices on data documentation (Wilson & Obasanya, 2022).

    Capella 4040 Assessment 1

    • Nurse informaticists ensure the effective implementation of technology and process improvements to obtain patient safety by mitigating medication errors without technological tools. Moreover, their role in analyzing data on patient quality of care, followed by identifying areas of improvement, leads to enhanced quality of care and patient satisfaction (Najjar & Shafie, 2022).  
    • Nurse informaticists play a significant role in compliance with HIPAA guidelines on the safe and effective use of technology to ensure patient privacy and confidentiality while delivering high-quality care (Wilson & Obasanya, 2022). 
    • The nurses specialized in informatics participate in nursing research and contribute to obtaining the best practices substantiated by evidence-based guidelines by delving into research data using technological advancements, leading to improved delivery of care (McGonigle & Mastrian, 2021). 

    Nurse Informaticists and Other Health Care Organizations

    Various healthcare organizations have utilized the service of nurse informaticists to enhance patient care quality and improve health outcomes through technology use. For instance, the nurse informaticists deployed multiple services, including distance learning and e-learning technologies in Philipines healthcare systems, to ensure novice nurses were well-equipped with knowledge after the COVID-19 pandemic took over. Similarly, in Western Canada, nurse informaticists integrated telehealth services within healthcare systems to promote virtual health teams that provide care treatments via telephone, video conferencing, email, and text (Atique et al., 2020).

    Through their effective contribution, healthcare organizations managed to improve patient care during a pandemic and had a positive experience with nurse informaticists. Nurse informaticists collaborate with other nursing staff and interdisciplinary teams by conducting meetings or conferences where they share their knowledgeable insights on technology use to improve patient care and health outcomes. Furthermore, they collaborate with the rest of the staff by fostering a conducive learning environment where their concerns and queries are adequately answered. 

    Impact of Full Nurse Engagement in Health Care Technology

    Nurses with adequate knowledge and expertise in nursing informatics impact patient care, protected health information, workflow, costs, and returns on investment. When nurses are equipped with healthcare information technology use, the quality of patient care is improved. There are fewer chances of medication errors as technology like electronic health records and barcode medication administration are utilized. This results in an accurate and correct care delivery, improving patient care and satisfaction. Similarly, interdisciplinary team communication becomes seamless when nurses appropriately use technologies like EHR and patient portals to provide proper treatments with care coordination. Ultimately, patient care is boosted by reduced incidence of adverse events and treatment errors (Najjar & Shafie, 2022).  

    Evidence-Based Strategies to Manage Patients’ Protected Health Information

    Nurse informaticists and the interdisciplinary team collaborate effectively to ensure patient health data privacy, security, and confidentiality. For instance, implementing the role-based access control (RBAC) system allows only authorized individuals with specific roles within the organization to access patients’ healthcare data (Nweke et al., 2020). Additionally, using biometric systems such as fingerprints or facial recognition for interdisciplinary staff to access PHI is another way to ensure patient’s health data are not breached or misused (Jayanthilladevi et al., 2020). By implementing these strategies while fully engaging with technology, nurses play an essential role in ensuring patient health data security and compliance with HIPAA guidelines on protecting patient’s protected health information. 

    Impact on Workflow, Costs, and Return on Investment

    Using healthcare information technologies, nurses streamline workflow through seamless interdisciplinary communication and manage patient health data with accurate documentation. This results in a smooth exchange of information and enhanced communication when data are documented electronically, presenting patients’ required information at one glance. Through streamlined documented data, healthcare providers save time, minimize medical and treatment errors, and enhance productivity. Furthermore, integrating technology and recruiting nurse informaticists within healthcare requires an appropriate budget and resources with additional training and educational programs.

    However, the long-term costs will be reduced due to decreased incidences of adverse events, improved efficiency of patient care, accurate data management, and preventive care measurements using nurse informaticists’ expertise (Fuller et al., 2020). Furthermore, nurse informaticists and their exceptional skills in healthcare information technologies will improve patient outcomes and satisfaction, attracting more patients and increasing revenue. Additionally, improved productivity through enhanced workflow efficiency and reduced administrative tasks leads to more patient encounters and higher returns on investment (Najjar & Shafie, 2022). 

    Opportunities and Challenges

    Healthcare organizations and interdisciplinary team experiences promising opportunities by adding nurse informaticists role such as enhanced productivity, reduced staff burnout, and diminished staff turnover rates as technological use within the system minimizes the workload, eventually reducing medical errors and improving job satisfaction levels. However, there are various challenges for nurses and interdisciplinary team members with the additional role of nurse informaticist, which can include the pre-requisite of digital literacy and additional staff training on the effective use of HIT.

    Moreover, the interdisciplinary team must comply with HIPAA regulations to ensure patient data security and prevent privacy breaches. Additionally, there might be an ongoing need for technical support to address technology-related issues, consuming more time and resources. This calls for deploying collaboration strategies for nurse informaticists to enhance coordination with the interdisciplinary team, including technologists, to improve the quality of patient care. The strategies include fostering open and regular communication among team members to share insights, challenges, and best practices related to technology use (Correa et al., 2020).

    Furthermore, nurse informaticists and technologists must train and educate other interdisciplinary team members on the effective use of technology, along with cross-disciplinary training sessions (Wilson & Obasanya, 2022). This will ensure all team members proficiently utilize technologies to improve patient care. Another strategy includes ongoing and continuous improvement by providing regular feedback on the effective use of health technology and patient health outcomes. This will identify areas for improvement that nurse informaticists and technologists can share and discuss to enhance patient care quality (Azizi et al., 2021).

    Summary of Recommendations

    Justification for the Need for a Nurse Informaticist  

    Nurse informaticists in the healthcare system can alleviate long-term costs associated with excessive treatment and medical errors, poor workflows, and unavailability of technology. Using technology with the efficient prowess of nurse informaticists can result in improved productivity by streamlining workflows. This will lead to efficient and improved delivery of care treatments for a higher number of patients. Consequently, it will generate an increased return on investment as more and more patients are effectively treated with minimum errors. Furthermore, patient satisfaction will be enhanced as high-quality care treatments using EHR and other technologies improve the patient’s health outcomes (Najjar & Shafie, 2022).

    Similarly, by using CDSS through the practical help of nurse informaticists in its development and implementation, healthcare providers can view patient data integrated from EHR and follow clinical guidelines incorporated within the system. This will lead to making clinically suitable patient decisions and enhance patient safety with minimum chances of prescribing errors (Calvo-Cidoncha et al., 2022).  With advancements in digital health, healthcare systems must utilize HIT effectively with the help of nurse informaticists, which benefits patients and brings valuable outcomes to healthcare organizations, such as reduced staff turnover rates and enhanced return on investment, to name a few (Fuller et al., 2020). 

    References

    American Nursing Association. (n.d.). Nursing informatics: Scope and standards of practice, 2nd ed. American Nursing Association. https://www.nursingworld.org/nurses-books/nursing-informatics-scope-and-standards-of-practice-2nd-ed/#:~:text=Nursing%20informatics%20(NI)%20is%20the 

    Anderson, I., Furukawa, M., Mayer, L., & Selsky, S. (2023). Engaging frontline nurses in building an electronic workload acuity tool. Nurse Leader, 21(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mnl.2023.02.012 

    Atique, S., Bautista, J. R., Block, L. J., Lee, J. J., Lozada‐Perezmitre, E., Nibber, R., O’Connor, S., Peltonen, L., Ronquillo, C., Tayaben, J., Thilo, F. J. S., & Topaz, M. (2020). A nursing informatics response to COVID‐19: Perspectives from five regions of the world. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 76(10). https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14417 

    Azizi, M. R., Atlasi, R., Ziapour, A., Abbas, J., & Naemi, R. (2021). Innovative human resource management strategies during the COVID-19 pandemic: A systematic narrative review approach. Heliyon, 7(6), e07233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07233

    Byrne, M. D. (2020). Nursing informatics specialist: Role in the perianesthesia environment. Journal of PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 36(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jopan.2020.02.012 

    Calvo-Cidoncha, E., Camacho-Hernando, C., Feu, F., Pastor-Duran, X., Codina-Jané, C., & Lozano-Rubí, R. (2022). OntoPharma: Ontology based clinical decision support system to reduce medication prescribing errors. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12911-022-01979-3  

    Capella 4040 Assessment 1

    Correa, V. C., Lugo-Agudelo, L. H., Aguirre-Acevedo, D. C., Contreras, J. A. P., Borrero, A. M. P., Patiño-Lugo, D. F., & Valencia, D. A. C. (2020). Individual, health system, and contextual barriers and facilitators for the implementation of clinical practice guidelines: A systematic metareview. Health Research Policy and Systems, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-020-00588-8 

    Fuller, R., Joynes, V., Cooper, J., Boursicot, K., & Roberts, T. (2020). Could COVID-19 be our “There Is No Alternative” (TINA) opportunity to enhance assessment? Medical Teacher, 42(7), 781–786. https://doi.org/10.1080/0142159x.2020.1779206 

    Harerimana, A., Wicking, K., Biedermann, N., & Yates, K. (2021). Nursing informatics in undergraduate nursing education in Australia before COVID-19: A scoping review. Collegian, 29(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2021.11.004 

     Jayanthilladevi, A., Sangeetha, K., & Balamurugan, E. (2020). Healthcare biometrics security and regulations: Biometrics data security and regulations governing phi and hipaa act for patient privacy. 2020 International Conference on Emerging Smart Computing and Informatics (ESCI), 244–247. https://doi.org/10.1109/ESCI48226.2020.9167635 

    McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. (2021). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge. In Google Books. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

    https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=d94XEAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=nursing+informatics&ots=NjHTxIKxpZ&sig=i68SZ7dqEuy2Gkkp2B_2CfllfxI

    Najjar, R. I. A., & Shafie, Z. M. (2022). Impact of nursing informatics on the quality of patient care. International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical Research Studies, 02(05). https://doi.org/10.47191/ijmscrs/v2-i5-19 

    Nweke, L. O., Yeng, P., D., S., & Yang, B. (2020). Understanding attribute-based access control for modelling and analysing healthcare professionals’ security practices. International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110286 

    Wilson, G. M., & Obasanya, M. (2022). Principles of health informatics. Health Informatics, 15–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-91237-6_2