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Capella 4040 Assessment 2

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    Capella 4040 Assessment 2

    Capella 4040 Assessment 2 Protected Health Information

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4040 Managing Health Information and Technology

    Prof. Name


    Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality

    Protected health information (PHI) encompasses health data created, received, maintained, or transmitted by covered entities or business associates. PHI includes medical history, test results, diagnosis, treatment, and other health-related information linked to a specific individual. Various laws and regulations govern the protection of sensitive electronic health information (ePHI), such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, and the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (W. Moore & Frye, 2019).

    Under HIPAA, PHI is defined broadly, covering information related to an individual’s physical or mental health, provision of healthcare, or payment for healthcare services (Van Diggele et al., 2020).

    Importance of Interdisciplinary Collaboration to Safeguard PHI

    Interdisciplinary collaboration is crucial for safeguarding ePHI in various ways:

    1. Comprehensive and Coordinated Care: Collaboration among healthcare providers from different disciplines improves care coordination, enhancing patient outcomes and reducing the risk of privacy or security compromises.
    2. Enhanced Data Security: Interdisciplinary teams can develop comprehensive data security strategies, incorporating best practices from different fields to identify and mitigate potential vulnerabilities and threats to ePHI.
    3. Improved Compliance: Collaboration ensures awareness and understanding of data privacy and security regulations across disciplines, promoting compliance with laws governing ePHI handling.
    4. Strengthened Risk Management: Interdisciplinary teams identify and manage risks associated with ePHI, developing effective risk mitigation strategies and responding promptly to incidents or breaches.
    5. Promoting Accountability: Collaboration fosters accountability and transparency, ensuring responsible handling of ePHI and respecting patients’ rights to privacy and confidentiality.

    Interdisciplinary collaboration is essential for safeguarding ePHI, promoting quality care, and ensuring compliance (W. Moore & Frye, 2019).

    Capella 4040 Assessment 2

    Evidence-based Approaches to Mitigate Risks to Patients and Healthcare Staff

    Several evidence-based approaches mitigate risks associated with ePHI:

    1. Implementing Access Controls and Encryption: Technical safeguards like passwords, biometric authentication, and encryption prevent unauthorized access. Regular risk assessments are essential for identifying vulnerabilities, as mandated by the HITECH Act.
    2. Staff Education: Training healthcare staff on the importance of protecting ePHI, including policies, procedures, and HIPAA regulations, promotes a culture of security and privacy.
    3. Incident Response Plans: Establishing incident response plans enables quick and effective responses to potential breaches or incidents.
    4. Audit Logs: Implementing audit logs helps monitor and track ePHI access, aiding in detecting and addressing potential breaches.

    Educating Interprofessional Team to Protect PHI

    Interprofessional teams must safeguard patient data on social media:

    1. Confidentiality: Avoid sharing patient information with individuals not involved in their care.
    2. Photo Caution: Refrain from posting photos of patients or their medical conditions, even if anonymized.
    3. Reporting Violations: Report any violations of patient privacy on social media to the organization’s privacy and security officer.


    Interprofessional teams, through understanding social media risks, can protect patient privacy and confidentiality. Evidence-based approaches mitigate risks to patients and healthcare staff, ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of ePHI and compliance with relevant laws and regulations.


    Edemekong, P. F., Annamaraju, P., & Haydel, M. J. (2022). Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.

    Isola, S., & Al Khalili, Y. (2023). Protected Health Information. In StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing.

    Lieneck, C., Wang, T., Gibbs, D., Russian, C., Ramamonjiarivelo, Z., & Ari, A. (2022). Interprofessional Education and Research in the Health Professions: A Systematic Review and Supplementary Topic Modeling. Education Sciences, 12(12), 850.

    Moore, W., & Frye, S. (2019). Review of HIPAA, Part 1: History, Protected Health Information, and Privacy and Security Rules. Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology, 47(4), 269–272.

    Van Diggele, C., Roberts, C., Burgess, A., & Mellis, C. (2020). Interprofessional education: tips for design and implementation. BMC Medical Education, 20(S2).

    Capella 4040 Assessment 2