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    Capella 4060 Assessment 1

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1 Health Promotion Plan

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Health Promotion Plan

    Nurses have an essential and crucial role in society. They work as educators and advocates for public health. Public health nurses play an essential role in the fight against diseases in their communities. They are frequently called first responders during health crises and epidemics. One severe worldwide health concern is the widespread use of tobacco. It endangers smokers’ health and causes severe threats to the environment in which we live. Tobacco smoking affects both those who smoke and those who live nearby (Kondo et al., 2019). Numerous tobacco consumption methods raise health concerns.

    They encourage worldwide initiatives to address all forms of tobacco use thoroughly. This health promotion strategy is part of a global campaign promoting tobacco cessation. Identifying user profiles, understanding the factors contributing to tobacco use, and integrating these insights into educational health programs are all strategies. It establishes a sociological foundation for tobacco users. It identifies the potential educational needs and covers the way for effective teaching strategies.

     Community Health Concern: Tobacco Use 

    Tobacco usage includes cigarettes, e-cigarettes, vaping devices, hookahs, chewing tobacco, and snuff. They all are a significant public health concern. Tobacco smokers harm themselves, but they endanger the health of people around them through tobacco smoke. Smokers breathe in carbon dioxide, and nonsmokers breathe in carbon monoxide. Tobacco usage causes a high number of premature deaths in society. Smoking is idealized in many cultures, resulting in a lack of awareness about its risks. It is the fourth significant health issue and the second biggest source of global morbidity (Been et al., 2021). Youth usage of any tobacco product, including electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), is dangerous. The majority of e-cigarettes consist of nicotine. It is incredibly addictive, damages the growth of a teenage brain, and raises the risk of future drug addiction. 

    In 2020, in high school, 19.6% of students in 3.02 million indicated existing e-cigarette usage, while 4.7% of middle school students of the 550,000 population reported current cigarette use (Wang, 2020). Flavored e-cigarettes are utilized by 82.9% of present e-cigarette users, counting 84.7% of high school users of the 2.53 million population and 73.9% of middle school users (400,000) (Wang, 2020). Tobacco commercials frequently use misleading strategies. They show users magical skills or extraordinary achievements by instilling a desire in young people to follow these elements. Moreover, those family members who smoke tobacco in the company of young people, including parents and siblings, are harmful.

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1

    They unknowingly become powerful role models and normalize this behavior. Teenagers who routinely hang out with fellow students who use tobacco products feel inspired to partake in similar behaviors to fit in with their peer group (Mahamad et al., 2022). Understanding these risk factors enables smoke cessation champions to build methods that positively impact each dimension. This knowledge helps identify and address difficulties, allowing for effective interventions and resource allocation in the battle against youth tobacco use.

    Health Promotion within Specific Population

    Tobacco use is an essential health concern for health promotion among youth. To support the importance of tobacco use cessation in the community. It is vital to rely upon present and related population health and demographic data by seeing the factors related to health, health disparities, and service access. Data on population health and demographics reveal that young individuals are especially exposed to the harmful effects of using tobacco. A considerable proportion of youths begin using tobacco during their teenage years. It leads to lifelong addiction and various health problems. According to World Health Organization figures, approximately 90% of adult smokers began smoking before 18.

    This emphasizes the significance of targeting youth as a significant population in health promotion activities (Cornelius, 2022). Tobacco use among young adults has many factors. Peer pressure, stress connected with education and employment decisions, and the allure of advertising aimed at this age group all contribute to tobacco use start. Moreover, young individuals frequently underestimate the hazards of tobacco smoking, making them a prime target for preventive efforts (Owens et al., 2020). 

    Vila Health Community Management addresses the demanding health concern of tobacco use cessation. Smoking gives rise to numerous health and well-being-related complications. It poses risks to the individuals who smoke and those exposed to secondhand smoke. It is vital to minimize these health risks by implementing an efficient strategy for smoking cessation with the active involvement of nurses. Nurses play a pivotal role in assisting patients to quit smoking. Vila Community Management Center supports this initiative by offering valuable opportunities to nurses and individuals striving to overcome their tobacco addiction.

    Demographics of Patient 

    David, a 20-year-old boy, was admitted to Vila Health Community Center. The following information was observed about him. He struggled with various tobacco habits, including smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco. His effort to break free from these compulsive habits began when a health issue occurred, like shortness of breath and chest pain. David decides to quit smoking with the help of his concerned family and friends. He knew that if he did not quit his tobacco habits, these actions would have a substantial financial impact on him. He decides to change his life.

    His journey includes self-education, professional advice, setting clear goals, finding a solid support system using nicotine replacement therapy, adopting coping skills, and celebrating victories. David’s health and financial stability improved when he successfully quit all tobacco forms. It ultimately encourages others experiencing similar issues. Education and awareness initiatives have the potential to address these issues effectively with the help of running campaigns. They are setting SMART goals, a crucial strategy to promote tobacco use cessation and its associated challenges.

    SMART Goals of Health

    The Villa Health Community Center is hosting an informative session in High School. Our goal is to address tobacco use and encourage cessation among teenagers.  We worked with the participants and engaged them in various group activities to generate SMART goals by following this informative session and Healthy People 2030 objectives. Their SMART goal is to reduce adult cigarette smoking rates. By 2030, they plan to reduce the present rate from 14% to 12%. They trust data from national surveys, like the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to evaluate their success (Healthy People 2030, 2022). To measure our progress, we closely monitor Healthy People 2030 objectives and the community’s reduction in teen tobacco use rates. The primary goal is to raise awareness about the risks of tobacco and support in preventing its use among youth. 

    SMART goals are beneficial for improving teenage health and reducing tobacco usage. The SMART encompasses specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound targets. It enables the transformation of information into actual results (Miller ET AL.,2020). There are the following SMART goals developed from the session:

    • Goal 1: A three-month training and workshop was held to help the participants about how to decrease the possibility of tobacco use. 
    • Goal 2: A six-week session aimed to educate patients on the practices to overcome tobacco use. 
    • Goal 3: A one-year training program to teach attendees the importance of using condoms and direct them to pertinent resources that can lower their chances of smoking. 

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, tobacco use is a significant health concern among youth with major implications for public health. The SMART goals outlined by the Vila Health Community Center demonstrate a proactive and targeted approach to tobacco cessation. It emphasizes education, awareness, and collaborative efforts between healthcare professionals and patients. By focusing on specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, and time-bound objectives, this initiative aims to positively impact reducing tobacco use and improving the health and well-being of the community. It mainly helps young individuals like David.

    References

    Been, J. V., Laverty, A. A., Tsampi, A., & Filippidis, F. T. (2021). European progress in working towards a tobacco-free generation. European Journal of Pediatrics180(12), 3423–3431. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-021-04116-w 

    Cornelius, M. E. (2022). Tobacco product use among adults — United States, 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report71(11). https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7111a1 

    Healthy People 2030 | health.gov. (2022). Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople

    Kondo, T., Nakano, Y., Adachi, S., & Murohara, T. (2019). Effects of tobacco smoking on cardiovascular disease. Circulation Journal83(10), 1980–1985. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.cj-19-0323

    Mahamad Sobri, M. F., Azlan, A. H., Md. Bohari, N. F., Mohd Radzi, N. A., & Bakri, N. N. (2022). Knowledge, attitude and perceived harm of e-cigarette use behaviour among medical and dental undergraduate students in UiTM. Compendium of Oral Science (CORALS)9(2), 69–79. https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/70035/ 

    Miller, C., Deckers, C., Jones, M., Wells-Beede, E., & McGee, E. (2021). Healthcare simulation standards of best practicetm outcomes and objectives. Clinical Simulation in Nursing58, 40–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecns.2021.08.013 

    Owens, D. K., Davidson, K. W., Krist, A. H., Barry, M. J., Cabana, M., Caughey, A. B., Curry, S. J., Donahue, K., Doubeni, C. A., Epling, J. W., Kubik, M., Ogedegbe, G., Pbert, L., Silverstein, M., Simon, M. A., Tseng, C.-W., & Wong, J. B. (2020). Primary care interventions for prevention and cessation of tobacco use in children and adolescents. JAMA323(16), 1590. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.4679 

    Wang, T. W. (2020). E-cigarette use among middle and high school students — United States, 2020. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report69(37). https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6937e1 

    Capella 4060 Assessment 1