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Capella 4060 Assessment 2

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    Capella 4060 Assessment 2

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2 Community Resources

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Community Resources

    The World Health Organization (WHO) is a global United Nations agency promoting health. It was founded on April 7, 1948.  Its main offices are in Geneva, Switzerland, with a membership of 194 member states. WHO plays a crucial role in safeguarding international public health. The primary objective of the WHO is to promote and protect global health. It sets international health standards, conducts research, monitors health trends, and provides technical assistance and expertise to countries. The mission and vision statements guided by the WHO’s work enable it to participate worldwide in public safety and health developments (Cueto, 2023). This report evaluates WHO’s contribution to public health and safety. It analyzes its ability to promote equity and raise community living standards. It examines the impact of financial resources and policies on service delivery and suggests new ways for nurses to participate in WHO initiatives. 

    WHO’s Mission and Vision to Contribute to Public Health and Safety Improvements

    The World Health Organization’s mission and vision is to promote health, protect the world, and support those in need. Its goal is to create a better and healthier place for everyone worldwide. These essential statements represent WHO’s core mission and visions. The WHO raises global cooperation among nations to handle public health threats by its mission and vision. They set a common goal of achieving an adequate level of good health for everyone. It encourages countries to work together to address infectious, non-communicable, and health inequalities (Russell, 2020). WHO strategically directs its resources towards key supports like research and development, immediate responses to health emergencies, and supporting healthcare systems.

    WHO’s primary goals drive these focused initiatives that significantly impact global public health and safety advancements. They ensure a safe and healthier future for populations worldwide (Ralaidovy et al., 2020). WHO’s interventions help to shape guidelines and policies on critical issues like tobacco control, nutrition, and vaccination. These issues have significant consequences on global public health. These actions demonstrate WHO’s interventions to translate its vision into practical measures that enhance well-being worldwide (Ekenedo, 2023). The International Health Regulations (IHR) provide an essential worldwide infectious disease prevention and management framework. They represent the WHO’s purpose by facilitating rapid international communication, sharing crucial data, and coordinating responses to public health emergencies.

    This aligns with the WHO’s goals of improving global health by reducing cross-border disease transmission. The IHR is essential for global health security because it enables early detection and collaboration during pandemics like COVID-19. They protect people’s well-being worldwide (Forman et al., 2022).

    WHO Ability to Promote Equal Opportunity and Improve the Quality of Life in A Community

    The WHO’s capacity to enhance equitable opportunities and community life quality depends on overcoming various obstacles, encompassing social, cultural, economic, and physical challenges. The organization demonstrates its commitment to health equity by addressing these difficulties regularly and strategically. It improves the well-being of the communities. It serves these to enhance its impact and reputation. Discrimination and unequal access to healthcare are vital social barriers to the WHO’s goal of promoting equity. Stereotyping harms marginalized people. It results in significant health disparities and limited access to education and jobs. As a result, there are significant disparities in health outcomes and quality of life. The World Health Organization addresses these concerns by addressing discrimination, providing guidelines for socially aware care, and working with communities to promote inclusive health initiatives. (Kumar et al., 2022).

    Cultural barriers, like language differences and traditional healthcare beliefs, cause the problem. These community obstacles lead to miscommunication and mistrust between healthcare workers and communities.  The effectiveness of the WHO’s health improvement efforts is reduced unless modified to local cultural norms and traditions. The WHO works to develop culturally appropriate health programs by working with communities to understand their beliefs and practices (Olani et al., 2023). The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes the prevalence of economic barriers in underserved communities. It limits the ability of WHO to allocate resources effectively.

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2

    The WHO’s Global Program on Health Systems Strengthening works to improve health systems in low- and middle-income countries.  This program aims to improve access to affordable healthcare for all people. They support the development of financing mechanisms that help to make healthcare more affordable. They offer social health insurance and community-driven financing health schemes (World Health Organization, 2020).

    Geographic and physical obstacles significantly hinder the WHO’s ability to provide adequate healthcare services. The WHO’s Telemedicine and eHealth program works to expand the access to healthcare for those people in remote and underserved areas. Telemedicine utilizes telecommunications and information technology to deliver healthcare services to individuals who lack access to conventional healthcare facilities (Avanesova & Shamliyan, 2019).

    The Impact of Funding Sources, Policy, and Legislation on WHO

    The WHO’s budget contains donations from member states, assessed contributions, and voluntary contributions. The level of funding from these sources affects the WHO’s ability to carry out its programs and activities. For example, if member states’ funding increases, the WHO has to appoint new staff or implement new programs. Increased funding for the WHO leads to improved access to essential health services like immunizations, HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, and mother and child health care. This positively impacts community health outcomes like reduced rates of preventable diseases, improved maternal health of children, and decreased transmission of HIV/AIDS. (Dehury, 2022). 

    The WHO’s policies, like the Global Health Strategy and International Health Regulations, influence how its services are delivered. The Global Health Strategy directs the WHO’s program by prioritizing global health, safety, and vulnerable people. The International Health Regulations aim to prevent and limit disease spread and promote a worldwide public health response. These policies promote the development and execution of successful health centers.  The community health centers developed worldwide under the WHO’s primary health care policy. These centers provide accessible and affordable healthcare to those with limited resources by improving global well-being. (Forman et al., 2022).

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2

    Legislation like the World Health Organization Constitution affects the WHO’s work. The Constitution sets out the WHO’s objectives and functions. It gives the WHO the authority to adopt and recommend regulations to member states. The WHO adopted regulations on the International Nomenclature of Diseases and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICFDH). These regulations help to ensure that health information is collected and reported in a standardized way. The WHO’s legislation affects how health information is collected and reported. For example, ICFDH is a uniform way of measuring disability in the community. Using the ICFDH helps ensure that people with disabilities in the community have access to necessary services (Olusanya et al., 2019).

    Impacts of WHO Work on the Health of a Local Community and Nurses Involvement

    The World Health Organization (WHO) significantly impacts local communities’ health and safety needs in many ways. WHO’s efforts in monitoring and controlling infectious diseases like COVID-19 or Ebola. It helps to prevent outbreaks that risk the health and safety of local communities. These efforts include guidelines for healthcare practices, vaccination campaigns, and health infrastructure support (Kluge et al.,2020). The WHO helps in the development of healthcare facilities in various countries. This involves the construction of healthcare buildings, the training of healthcare workers, and the enhancement of healthcare delivery systems. These initiatives immediately influence the availability and accessibility of healthcare services in local communities (Cueto, 2023).

    WHO conducts health education campaigns on various health issues, such as nutrition, hygiene, and family planning. This empowers local communities with the knowledge and skills to make healthier choices, improving health and safety. The WHO developed the “Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework” (HHSAF) to analyze the progress with the execution of the Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy. It determines proactive measures, standards, and resources to increase hand hygiene in healthcare settings. The WHO’s hand-washing promotion campaign has dramatically increased handwashing rates in many countries (De Kraker et al., 2022).

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2

    Nurses significantly engage with the WHO in various positions. They participate in WHO initiatives by involving themselves in vaccination campaigns and health education programs. They work in emergency response efforts through local and international organizations affiliated with the WHO. Nurses support the WHO’s goals by raising awareness and promoting evidence-based practices. They engage in local, national, and international public health campaigns and enhance their skills by joining WHO training programs. They enable them to address local healthcare challenges effectively. Nurses contribute to collaborative research projects by providing valuable findings to improve community health outcomes. By participating in health policy discussions, nurses enhance their expertise to shape policies that align with the WHO’s objectives and enhance health and safety at the community level (Silva et al., 2020)

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, the WHO promotes global safety and health. They address the barriers to equity, improve community living standards, and respond to health emergencies. They significantly impact local communities through education, infrastructure development, and disease control. The involvement of nurses in WHO initiatives significantly contributes to the organization’s mission. The WHO’s work is shaped by funding, policies, and legislation that is properly aligned. It enhances its effectiveness in achieving its core objectives. The WHO’s vision and mission continue to drive considerable public safety and health advancements worldwide.

    References

    Avanesova, A. A., & Shamliyan, T. A. (2019). Worldwide implementation of telemedicine programs in association with research performance and health policy. Health Policy and Technology, 8(2), 179–191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hlpt.2019.04.001 

    Cueto, M. (2023). The world health organization. Sustainable Development Goals Series, 421–424. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-33851-9_63

    de Kraker, M. E. A., Tartari, E., Tomczyk, S., Twyman, A., Francioli, L. C., Cassini, A., Allegranzi, B., & Pittet, D. (2022). Implementation of hand hygiene in health-care facilities: Results from the WHO hand hygiene self-assessment framework global survey 2019. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 22(6). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00618-6 

    Dehury, R. K. (2022). Relevance of the world health organization in a multipolar world in solving global health challenges. Frontiers in Public Health, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.1037734 

    Ekenedo, G. O. (2023). Expanding the frontiers of health promotion through health protection strategies and approaches. Nigerian Journal of Health Promotion, 16(1). https://journals.aphriapub.com/index.php/NJHP/article/view/2325  

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2

    Forman, L., Sekalala, S., & Meier, B. M. (2022). The world health organization, international health regulations and human rights law. International Organizations Law Review, 19(1), 37–62. https://doi.org/10.1163/157237 47-19010002 

    Kluge, H. H. P., Wickramasinghe, K., Rippin, H. L., Mendes, R., Peters, D. H., Kontsevaya, A., & Breda, J. (2020). Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in the COVID-19 response. The Lancet, 395(10238), 1678–1680. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(20)31067-9 

    Kumar*, D., Singh, T., Vaiyam, P., Banjare, P., & Saini, S. (2022). Identifying potential community barriers for accessing health care services context to health for all in rural-tribal geographical setting in India: A systematic review. The Journal of Community Health Management, 9(4), 169–177. https://doi.org/10.18231/j.jchm.2022.033 

    Olani, A. B., Olani, A. B., Muleta, T. B., Rikitu, D. H., & Disassa, K. G. (2023). Impacts of language barriers on healthcare access and quality among Afaan Oromoo-speaking patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Health Services Research, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-023-09036-z 

    Olusanya, B. O., Davis, A. C., & Hoffman, H. J. (2019). Hearing loss grades and the International classification of functioning, disability and health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97(10), 725–728. https://doi.org/10.2471/blt.19.230367 

    Ralaidovy, A. H., Adam, T., & Boucher, P. (2020). Resource allocation for biomedical research: Analysis of investments by major funders. Health Research Policy and Systems, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12961-020-0532-0 

    RUSSELL, M. (2020, May 12). World Health Organization: Is it fit for purpose? Policycommons.net; European Parliamentary Research Service. https://policycommons.net/artifacts/1337070/world-health-organization/1944695/ 

    Silva, Í. R., Mendes, I. A. C., & Ventura, C. A. A. (2020). Strategic directions for strengthening nursing and midwifery: Potentialities and connections in the complex perspective. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 28. https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.4456.3380 

    World Health Organization. (2020). Health policy and system support to optimize community health worker programmes for HIV, TB and malaria services: an evidence guide. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/340078/9789240018082-eng.pdf?sequence=1 

    Capella 4060 Assessment 2