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NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 4 Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

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    NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 4 Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

    Name

    Capella university

    NHS FPX4000 Developing a Health Care Perspective

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

    On a global scale, healthcare systems grapple with diverse health challenges, necessitating collective efforts to yield positive outcomes. These challenges significantly impact healthcare organizations, exerting adverse effects on individuals’ health and well-being. This scholarly paper delves into a major healthcare issue: limited access to healthcare. The rationale behind choosing this issue stems from the observation that individuals in rural areas within our country encounter minimal or no access to healthcare facilities, rendering them susceptible to various diseases and their complications. Effectively addressing this issue is imperative to mitigate the global burden of diseases.

    Healthcare Issue – Limited Access to Healthcare Facilities

    The World Health Organization explicitly defines healthcare as a fundamental human right, emphasizing the responsibility of governmental bodies to provide basic health services to all residents of a country (Zegeye et al., 2021). Access to healthcare encompasses coverage (healthcare facilities), services, timeliness (healthcare when needed), and workforce (qualified healthcare providers) (AHRQ, 2018). Studies indicate that over 86% of healthcare practitioners work in urban public sectors, leaving more than 96% employed in private sectors, thereby depriving rural populations of medical personnel (Brusnahan et al., 2022). Another study notes that around 400 million people lack healthcare access, leading to 8 million preventable deaths due to insufficient facilities (Zegeye et al., 2021). Identified causes for limited healthcare accessibility include a shortage of qualified professionals, economic disparities, cultural and social norms, government underinvestment, and minimal awareness of health importance (Coombs et al., 2022).

    The selected scholarly articles elucidate the significance of healthcare access, highlight the prevalence of limited accessibility, and identify the root causes, empowering practitioners and policymakers to propose effective solutions to uphold the basic human right of every individual.

    Analyzing the Issue of Limited Healthcare Access

    Limited access to healthcare prevails as a significant problem in many countries, particularly in rural areas. A comprehensive understanding of the problem is crucial for healthcare providers to develop evidence-based intervention plans by analyzing causes and impacts.

    To comprehend limited healthcare access, it is vital to define healthcare access as the ability of a person to access healthcare services when needed. Individualized causes include demographic factors such as gender, with research indicating that females in low or middle-income areas are more likely to face restricted access. Other factors include a lack of education and awareness, structural barriers like urban-rural disparities, cultural acceptability issues, financial constraints, transportation problems, and the cost of insurance.

    People Involved in the Problem

    Communities with limited access to healthcare facilities and healthcare professionals in deprived communities are the main stakeholders in this healthcare problem. Limited healthcare access heightens the burden of diseases, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Healthcare professionals in these communities face limited career opportunities, often opting to migrate to urban areas or leaving their professions, posing challenges to healthcare systems globally.

    Potential Solutions for Healthcare Accessibility

    Addressing the causes of limited accessibility is crucial for achieving effective outcomes. Proposed solutions include the availability of telehealth services, equitable allocation of governmental resources, and enhancement of health education and literacy.

    1. Telehealth: The evolution of telemedicine allows the provision of care outside of hospitals, reducing barriers related to transportation and location differences (Barbosa et al., 2021). Telecommunication tools facilitate communication between community clinics and specialists, enhancing access to quality healthcare (Toscos et al., 2018).
    2. Allocation of Resources: Incorporating the concept of healthcare equity, governments and international organizations should allocate resources equitably, monitoring their usage to significantly improve healthcare access. These resources encompass financial, human, and organizational aspects (Love-Koh et al., 2020).
    3. Health Education and Literacy: Improving health literacy through community-based programs is an efficient solution to combat limited healthcare access. Enhancing patient outcomes is intertwined with improving health literacy, ensuring individuals are aware of their healthcare needs (Ann-Marie Lynch & Vinceroy Franklin, 2019).

    The provision of access to healthcare facilities is vital to eliminate health disparities, provide quality care, reduce the burden of diseases, and empower deprived populations. Failure to address the issue may adversely impact individuals with high morbidity and mortality rates, exacerbating the global burden of illnesses.

    Ethical Implications of the Recommended Solutions

    In healthcare systems, ethical principles—autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice—are paramount. The proposed solutions align with these principles, ensuring evidence-based and ethically sound interventions for equitable healthcare access.

    1. Autonomy: Providing extensive knowledge about healthcare through health education and literacy supports individuals in making informed choices about their treatment, aligning with the principle of autonomy (Buka, 2020).
    2. Beneficence and Non-maleficence: The proposed solutions focus on actions beneficial to patients, preventing harm, and improving health outcomes. Telemedicine, resource allocation, and health literacy contribute to beneficence and non-maleficence (Varkey, 2020).
    3. Justice: Healthcare equity and equitable resource allocation fulfill the ethical principle of justice, ensuring unbiased distribution of healthcare services to every individual in the community (Varkey, 2020).

    Conclusion

    In conclusion, limited healthcare access is a significant issue that demands effective intervention. Proposed solutions, including telehealth, equitable resource allocation, and health education, are evidence-based and ethically aligned. Addressing this issue is crucial to uphold the basic human right to healthcare for diverse populations.

    References

    AHRQ. (2018). Chartbook on access to health care. Retrieved April 2, 2023, from https://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/chartbooks/access/elements.html

    Ann-Marie Lynch, M., & Vinceroy Franklin, G. (2019). Health literacy: An intervention to improve health outcomes. Strategies to Reduce Hospital Mortality in Lower and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) and Resource-Limited Settings. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.86269

    Barbosa, W., Zhou, K., Waddell, E., Myers, T., & Dorsey, E. R. (2021). Improving access to care: Telemedicine across medical domains. Annual Review of Public Health, 42(1), 463–481. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-090519-093711

    NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 4 Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

    Brusnahan, A., Carrasco-Tenezaca, M., Bates, B. R., Roche, R., & Grijalva, M. J. (2022). Identifying health care access barriers in southern rural Ecuador. International Journal for Equity in Health, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-022-01660-1

    Buka, P. (2020). Consent to treatment, patient autonomy. Essential Law and Ethics in Nursing, 65–84. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429292187-5

    Coombs, N. C., Campbell, D. G., & Caringi, J. (2022). A qualitative study of rural healthcare providers’ views of social, cultural, and programmatic barriers to healthcare access. BMC Health Services Research, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-07829-2

    Dawkins, B., Renwick, C., Ensor, T., Shinkins, B., Jayne, D., & Meads, D. (2021). What factors affect patients’ ability to access healthcare? an overview of systematic reviews. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 26(10), 1177–1188. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13651

    Love-Koh, J., Griffin, S., Kataika, E., Revill, P., Sibandze, S., & Walker, S. (2020). Methods to promote equity in health resource allocation in low- and middle-income countries: An overview. Globalization and Health, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-019-0537-z

    NHS FPX 4000 Assessment 4 Analyzing a Current Health Care Problem or Issue

    Toscos, T., Carpenter, M., Flanagan, M., Kunjan, K., & Doebbeling, B. N. (2018). Identifying successful practices to overcome access to care challenges in community health centers. Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology, 5, 233339281774340. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333392817743406

    Varkey, B. (2020). Principles of clinical ethics and their application to practice. Medical Principles and Practice, 30(1), 17–28. https://doi.org/10.1159/000509119

    Zegeye, B., El-Khatib, Z., Ameyaw, E. K., Seidu, A.-A., Ahinkorah, B. O., Keetile, M., & Yaya, S. (2021). Breaking barriers to healthcare access: A multilevel analysis of individual- and community-level factors affecting women’s access to healthcare services in Benin. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(2), 750. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18020750