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NURS FPX 5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs

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    NURS FPX 5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 5003 Health Assessment and Promotion for Disease Prevention in Population-Focused Health

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Identifying Community Health Needs

    A thorough assessment of the well-being of a state or community involves a comprehensive process led by healthcare organizations to identify and analyze healthcare needs specific to a disease and its impact on a particular region. This approach allows healthcare professionals to prioritize health needs and formulate strategies to address unmet community requirements. This study focuses on Diabetes prevalence in West Virginia, identifies healthcare needs among patients, and examines the communities most affected by the disease. Data for this study is derived from the State Department of Health, American Diabetes Association, County Health Data, and the American Journal of Diabetes.

    Demographic Characteristics for a State

    Demographic characteristics encompass elements such as population composition, race, ethnicity, disease prevalence, religious affiliation, educational attainment, and mental health diagnoses. These factors often influence behavioral patterns, with age playing a pivotal role in shaping individual experiences within society. Demographic data also includes community attributes like income levels, employment status, gender distribution, educational attainment, and commuting patterns. Racial categorization, as frequently incorporated into demographic data (Minc et al., 2020), encompasses diverse ethnicities and cultural backgrounds within categories such as Asian, White, Black, and African American. Patient-specific information, including birthdates and insurance details, forms part of illness demographics, streamlining medical billing, enhancing healthcare quality, and bolstering cultural competence. As of 2018, West Virginia’s total population was 1,775,156, with racial distribution at 93.1% White, 3.7% Black, 0.3% Asian, and 1.9% Latino.

    Around 14.1% of the population is under 65 and living with a disability, while between 2017 and 2021, approximately 88.1% completed high school. A significant proportion of the population suffers from multiple chronic conditions, including diabetes, cancer, kidney and lung diseases, arthritis, and risk factors like obesity and high blood pressure.

    Disease prevention and health promotion share common goals and functions. The population-based approach to prevention suggests that interventions should be applied to entire populations to effectively alter the distribution of disease risk factors (Minc et al., 2020). Population health promotion and prevention initiatives primarily address environmental resilience and equity in human healthcare services.

    Trends Regarding Population in Demographic Reports

    Between 2010 and 2021, West Virginia’s population increased every two out of eleven years, with the most significant decline occurring between 2016 and 2017 (0.8%). Approximately 16.2% of adults in West Virginia, roughly 232,336 individuals, have diabetes, with demographic reports indicating an increasing trend among American Indians and non-Hispanic Blacks (American Diabetes Association, 2022).

    Similar to clinical medicine’s focus on disease development and expression in individuals, epidemiology can be regarded as the study of disease development and expression within communities. Public health officials are increasingly concerned about the persistent and, in some cases, growing significance of diseases. Epidemiology relies on key concepts, including population analysis and comparison. Public health epidemiologists are primarily responsible for disease research, assessment, and policy formulation (ADA, 2022). Essential epidemiological tools encompass data overview, program data analysis supervision, and prompt assessment. Different tools may offer distinct types of information, even if they frequently cover the same health outcomes or indicators.

    The Diabetes in West Virginia report from 2021 collected information on participants’ age, gender, and ethnicity, with questions focusing on general knowledge of type 2 diabetes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

    Impact of Diabetes on the Specific Group in West Virginia

    Diabetes affects 16% of West Virginia’s population, with 17% among the Black community, 16% among the White population, and 10% among multiracial individuals (Division of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases, 2021). American Indians, as one of the racial groups covered in the United States Census, have a significantly higher diabetes risk, more than twice that of White individuals, who have an 8% adult diabetes prevalence. Population health is influenced by economic well-being, healthcare quality, and overall quality of life. The multifaceted nature of this issue presents challenges in quantifying population health status.

    NURS FPX 5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 34 million Americans had diabetes in 2018, experiencing its profound consequences. Medical expenses for diabetes patients are approximately twice as high as those for individuals with other diseases. In 2018, the CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation allocated $926,068 in grants for diabetes education and prevention in West Virginia (American Diabetes Association, 2018). Diabetes can lead to severe complications, including heart disorders, blindness, and even death.

    Communication of Demographic Data and Health Needs

    Research by Hermann et al. (2019) suggests that patient characteristics and demographics significantly influence patients’ perceptions of communication in healthcare settings. Positive behaviors exhibited by healthcare providers, such as courteous treatment, positively impact patients’ perception of care. In a fast-paced healthcare environment, individualized patient care and clear communication are essential to ensure patient comprehension. Health authorities can effectively communicate with affected communities and formulate improvement plans by promoting health literacy.

    Respect and dignity in patient care are paramount values. These values are linked to actions that support the healthcare team in providing exceptional care and support within the healthcare industry. Positive effects on patient satisfaction were observed when nurses incorporated practices such as keeping patients informed of care delays, ensuring data privacy, and responding appropriately. An individual’s characteristics, behaviors, and their social and economic environment all influence health promotion and well-being (Hwang & Oh, 2020).

    Conclusion

    In summary, identifying and addressing community health needs require comprehensive strategies and intervention plans. Understanding a state’s demographic characteristics is crucial for healthcare professionals to implement appropriate preventive measures and promote health. Epidemiology plays a pivotal role in overseeing the analysis of program data and facilitating prompt evaluation.

    References

    American Diabetes Association. (2022, July 28). Statistics about Diabetes | ADA. Diabetes.org. https://diabetes.org/about-us/statistics/about-diabetes

    American Diabetes Association. (2018). The burden of diabetes in West Virginia. https://diabetes.org/sites/default/files/202111/ADV_2021_State_Fact_sheets_West%20Virginia_rev.pdf

    Division of Health Promotion and Chronic Diseases. (2021). Diabetes in West Virginia. Wv.gov. https://dhhr.wv.gov/hpcd/FocusAreas/wvdiabetes/Pages/DiabetesinWestVirginia.aspx

    NURS FPX 5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs

    Hermann, R. M., Long, E., & Trotta, R. L. (2019). Improving patients’ experiences communicating with nurses and providers in the emergency department. Journal of emergency nursing: JEN : Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association, 45(5), 523–530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jen.2018.12.001

    Hwang, Y., & Oh, J. (2020). Factors affecting health-promoting behaviors among nursing students. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(17), 6291. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176291

    Minc, S. D., Hendricks, B., Misra, R., Ren, Y., Thibault, D., Marone, L., & Smith, G. (2020). Geographic variation in amputation rates among patients with diabetes and/or peripheral arterial disease in the rural

    state of West Virginia identifies areas for improved care. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 71(5), 1708-1717.e5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.06.215

    United States Census Bureau. (2018). QuickFacts: United States. Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/