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NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 1 Analysis of Position Papers for Vulnerable Populations

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    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 1 Analysis of Position Papers for Vulnerable Populations

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 6026 Biopsychosocial Concepts for Advanced Nursing Practice 2

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Analysis of Position Papers on the Impact of Tobacco Use in Vulnerable Populations

    The pervasive issue of tobacco use poses significant health risks, including addiction-related complications leading to fatal outcomes. Addressing this health concern necessitates a collaborative, evidence-based, and patient-centric approach from an inter-professional team. This examination focuses on scrutinizing position papers that shed light on the health repercussions of tobacco use in both adults and adolescents, aiming to identify supporting and opposing evidence. Additionally, the analysis aims to highlight knowledge gaps, missing information, and areas of uncertainty within the current discourse.

    Position on Health Outcomes for Tobacco Use in Adults and Adolescents

    Tobacco use, encompassing smoking, vaping, hookah, and e-cigarettes, stands as a leading cause of mortality, primarily linked to long-term usage. Smoking tobacco-laden cigarettes, in particular, is identified as a major contributor to lung cancer and various cardiovascular diseases. Secondhand smoke exposure further compounds the issue, leading to respiratory problems and cardiovascular ailments in affected individuals.

    The advocated position supports the implementation of tobacco cessation plans for adults, coupled with the integration of preventive programs into school curricula targeting adolescents. Assumptions underlying this stance include the availability of community-based cessation resources staffed by specialists. Furthermore, emphasis is placed on early initiation prevention through stringent school policies for adolescents.

    Role of Inter-professional Team in Reducing Tobacco Use in Adults and Adolescents

    Reducing tobacco use requires the active involvement of an inter-professional team to provide personalized, patient-centered care. These teams play a pivotal role in assessing tobacco use, conducting nicotine screenings, and identifying co-existing diseases impacted by cessation plans. Collaboratively, they offer educational services, counseling, and psychological support to manage stress and cravings, ensuring a holistic approach to tobacco cessation.

    The inter-professional team’s capacity extends to connecting tobacco users with community resources, fostering a supportive network for those undergoing cessation. Challenges in this collaborative effort may arise from communication barriers, time constraints, and diverse perspectives among team members. Addressing these challenges is crucial for effective collaboration in tobacco cessation efforts.

    Evaluation of Supporting Evidence and Identification of Knowledge Gaps

    Numerous evidence-based studies support the team’s approach, endorsing tobacco cessation plans and preventive measures in school curricula. Studies on nicotine replacement therapy and school-based tobacco control initiatives have demonstrated efficacy in reducing tobacco use. However, knowledge gaps persist, including uncertainties regarding the long-term effectiveness of nicotine replacement therapy and the adherence behavior of young adults and adolescents to school-based tobacco control efforts.

    Evaluation of Contrary Evidence and Response to Conflicting Data

    Contrary viewpoints challenge the proposed tobacco control approach, asserting that it is a personal responsibility and that schools should not regulate students’ tobacco use. Some critics emphasize parental roles in educating children about tobacco use, while others argue for addressing underlying causes, such as mental health issues, instead of focusing solely on cessation plans. A balanced approach that respects diverse perspectives and fosters open communication is advocated to improve buy-in efforts and decision-making.

    Conclusion

    Tobacco use remains a critical public health concern, necessitating comprehensive strategies for mitigation. The proposed position favors the implementation of tobacco cessation plans and integration into educational curricula, supported by evidence-based studies. Despite these efforts, contrary viewpoints exist, underscoring the importance of respectful discourse and collaboration to achieve common goals in reducing tobacco use and improving overall health outcomes.

    References

    Bade, B. C., & Dela Cruz, C. S. (2020). Lung cancer 2020. Clinics in Chest Medicine, 41(1), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccm.2019.10.001

    Druss, B. G. (2020). Addressing the COVID-19 pandemic in populations with serious mental illness. JAMA Psychiatry, 77(9). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.0894

    Fortin, M., Stewart, M., Ngangue, P., Almirall, J., Bélanger, M., Brown, J. B., Couture, M., Gallagher, F., Katz, A., Loignon, C., Ryan, B. L., Sampalli, T., Wong, S. T., & Zwarenstein, M. (2021). Scaling up patient-centered interdisciplinary care for multimorbidity: A pragmatic mixed-methods randomized controlled trial. The Annals of Family Medicine, 19(2), 126–134. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.2650

    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 1 Analysis of Position Papers for Vulnerable Populations

    Kim, S. Y., Jang, M., Yoo, S., JeKarl, J., Chung, J. Y., & Cho, S. (2020). School-Based tobacco control and smoking in adolescents: Evidence from multilevel analyses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(10), 3422. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103422

    Kondo, T., Nakano, Y., Adachi, S., & Murohara, T. (2019). Effects of tobacco smoking on cardiovascular disease. Circulation Journal, 83(10), 1980–1985. https://doi.org/10.1253/circj.cj-19-0323

    Manspeaker, S. A., & Hankemeier, D. A. (2019). Challenges to and resources for participation in inter-professional collaborative practice: Perceptions of collegiate athletic trainers. Journal of Athletic Training, 54(1), 106–114. https://doi.org/10.4085/1062-6050-507-17

    Rath, J. M., Pitzer, L., Carnegie, B., Shinaba, M., Vallone, D., Parks, I., Tertzakian, K., Smith, D., Stewart-Reid, C., & Hair, E. C. (2019). Building capacity to implement tobacco-free policies in college and university settings with underserved populations. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 5, 14. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/105677

    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 1 Analysis of Position Papers for Vulnerable Populations

    Schwindt, R., McNelis, A. M., Agley, J., Hudmon, K. S., Lay, K., & Wilgenbusch, B. (2018). Training future clinicians: An interprofessional approach to treating tobacco use and dependence. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 33(2), 200–208. https://doi.org/10.1080/13561820.2018.1534808

    Susanto, A., Hartono, H., Dwi, I., Nurhaeni, A., & Kartono, D. (2020). The role of parents to prevent early adolescents smoking behavior: A qualitative study on adolescents in Tegal city, Indonesia correspondence. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(7), 71–75. https://www.sysrevpharm.org/articles/the-role-of-parents-to-prevent-early-adolescents-smoking-behavior-a-qualitative-study-on-adolescents-in-tegal-city-indon.pdf