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NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

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    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 6026 Biopsychosocial Concepts for Advanced Nursing Practice 2

    Prof. Name

    Date

    Proposal for Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy

    This evaluation centers on proposing a health policy to address the challenges faced by a vulnerable population grappling with extensive tobacco use. Given the long-term adverse effects of tobacco consumption, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive health policy focused on tobacco control. This policy aims to enable the vulnerable population to lead healthier lives and extend their life expectancy by curbing tobacco consumption and enhancing overall quality of life.

    Policy and Guidelines to Enhance Outcomes for Tobacco Use in the Population

    Tobacco use is on the rise among vulnerable populations, affecting both adults and adolescents. The proposed health policy recommends the implementation of a tobacco cessation plan and a curriculum-based approach to tobacco control, specifically targeting adolescents and young adults. The policy integrates several guidelines to ensure effective implementation:

    1. Development of age-appropriate tobacco control curricula for various educational levels, including primary, middle, and high schools. The content should be tailored to students’ cognitive abilities and developmental stages (Owens et al., 2020).
    2. Training of teachers to deliver appropriate and comprehensive education on tobacco cessation. Collaboration with health educators specializing in tobacco cessation is essential to keep educational professionals updated on the latest research (Lazaro et al., 2021).
    3. Implementation of tobacco taxes and pricing strategies to discourage tobacco use. Higher prices can act as a deterrent due to financial constraints within the vulnerable population (Gonzalez-Rozada & Montamat, 2019).
    4. Promotion of evidence-based cessation plans, including counseling sessions, support groups, medication support, psychological support, quitlines, motivational interviews, and technology-based cessation plans. All interventions must adhere to provided clinical guidelines (Park et al., 2020).

    Challenges in implementing these guidelines may arise, such as inadequate resources, a shortage of staff for training educational professionals, and uncertainties regarding students’ adherence to the policy. Effective utilization of limited resources, collaboration with nurses for teacher education, and involvement of parents can help overcome these challenges.

    Rationale for the Proposed Policy

    Current research underscores the negative outcomes of tobacco use, including addiction, academic performance issues among adolescents, mental health problems, and chronic diseases in adults. The proposed policy aims to address these issues and mitigate the detrimental effects of tobacco use on the target population.

    Differing viewpoints exist, with some critics questioning the efficacy of early education on tobacco control and others advocating for addressing underlying causes like mental health issues. The conflicting ideas highlight the need for a well-developed policy that considers current outcomes and diverse perspectives.

    Inter-Professional Approach to Policy Implementation

    An inter-professional approach involving collaborative efforts among diverse healthcare professionals can significantly enhance the effectiveness of the proposed policy. This includes assessing the population addicted to tobacco, coordinating efforts between school teachers and health specialists, and involving pharmacists and physicians in developing medication therapy plans. Nurses and social workers play crucial roles in providing patient-centered care and raising awareness through tobacco-free campaigns.

    Knowledge Gaps and Conclusion

    Knowledge gaps exist regarding the long-term efficacy of tobacco cessation plans and the evolving landscape of tobacco products. Further research is needed to explore potential health impacts and interventions related to emerging tobacco products. Additionally, attention to the implementation and enforcement of the proposed policy on the target population requires focused research.

    In conclusion, tobacco use poses a significant health challenge for vulnerable populations, necessitating the implementation of a comprehensive health policy. The proposed policy, with an inter-professional approach, aims to improve outcomes and deliver high-quality care to individuals affected by tobacco use.

    References:

    Bhatnagar, A., Whitsel, L. P., Blaha, M. J., Huffman, M. D., Krishan-Sarin, S., Maa, J., Rigotti, N., Robertson, R. M., & Warner, J. J. (2019). New and emerging tobacco products and the nicotine endgame: The role of robust regulation and comprehensive tobacco control and prevention: A presidential advisory from the american heart association. Circulation, 139(19). https://doi.org/10.1161/cir.0000000000000669

    DiGiacomo, S., Jazayeri, M.-A., Barua, R., & Ambrose, J. (2018). Environmental tobacco smoke and cardiovascular disease. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(1), 96. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010096

    Gonzalez-Rozada, M., & Montamat, G. (2019). How raising tobacco prices affects the decision to start and quit smoking: Evidence from Argentina. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3622. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193622

    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

    Lazaro, A., Ceballos, R., Fischer, M., Smuin, S., & Halpern-Felsher, B. (2021). A novel approach to training educators to conduct school-based adolescent e-cigarette education and prevention: Using the tobacco prevention toolkit. Addictive Behaviors, 118, 106858. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.106858

    Owens, D. K., Davidson, K. W., Krist, A. H., Barry, M. J., Cabana, M., Caughey, A. B., Curry, S. J., Donahue, K., Doubeni, C. A., Epling, J. W., Kubik, M., Ogedegbe, G., Pbert, L., Silverstein, M., Simon, M. A., Tseng, C.-W., & Wong, J. B. (2020). Primary care interventions for prevention and cessation of tobacco use in children and adolescents. JAMA, 323(16), 1590. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.4679

    Park, E. R., Perez, G. K., Regan, S., Muzikansky, A., Levy, D. E., Temel, J. S., Rigotti, N. A., Pirl, W. F., Irwin, K. E., Partridge, A. H., Cooley, M. E., Friedman, E. R., Rabin, J., Ponzani, C., Hyland, K. A., Holland, S., Borderud, S., Sprunck, K., Kwon, D., & Peterson, L. (2020). Effect of sustained smoking cessation counseling and provision of medication vs shorter-term counseling and medication advice on smoking abstinence in patients recently diagnosed with cancer. JAMA, 324(14), 1406. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.14581

    NURS FPX 6026 Assessment 2 Biopsychosocial Population Health Policy Proposal

    Robb, C. E., de Jager, C. A., Ahmadi-Abhari, S., Giannakopoulou, P., Udeh-Momoh, C., McKeand, J., Price, G., Car, J., Majeed, A., Ward, H., & Middleton, L. (2020). Associations of social isolation with anxiety and depression during the early COVID-19 pandemic: A survey of older adults in london, UK. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11(591120). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.591120

    Wu, Y. (2022). Tobacco control measures’ role in improving employees’ health under the impact of health education and media campaign. Frontiers in Public Health, 10. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2022.904894

    Zhou, F., & Abernathey, G. (2022). Semper Paratus: Exploring an interprofessional approach to tobacco cessation. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 62(5), 1456–1457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2022.04.001