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NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

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    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

    Student Name

    Capella University

    NURS-FPX 8045 Doctoral Writing and Professional Practice

    Prof. Name


    Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

    Effective pain management and its associated symptoms in cancer patients continue to be a paramount concern within cancer pain management. Diverse approaches to pain management can enhance the overall well-being of cancer patients and their families, addressing issues such as psychological and physical disorientation, sleep deprivation, fatigue, depression, anxiety, heightened irritability, and impaired cognitive function. Consequently, there is a need for research into alternative pain management methods to supplement or potentially replace conventional approaches. One such crucial method is music therapy, which has demonstrated contributions to improved pain management scores, reduced repression, and an enhanced quality of life for cancer patients.

    Article Summary

    Article 1: Music Therapy in the Psychosocial Treatment of Adult Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    This article aimed to synthesize evidence on the effectiveness of music therapy throughout various phases of oncological treatment. A pre-registered systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted, involving thirty studies investigating music therapy among adult cancer patients. Results indicated an overall positive impact during curative treatment, including reduced anxiety and depression, improved quality of life, decreased pain medication intake, enhanced spiritual well-being, and reduced stress. The meta-analysis demonstrated significant effects on psychological well-being, physical symptom distress, and overall quality of life. The authors concluded that music therapy could improve health outcomes and be integrated into different phases of cancer treatment (Köhler et al., 2020).

    Article 2: Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Combined With Music Therapy on Pain, Anxiety, and Sleep Quality in Patients with Osteosarcoma

    This study aimed to assess the effects of combining music therapy with mindfulness-based stress reduction in patients with osteosarcoma. A total of 101 patients were enrolled and randomized into control and intervention groups. The intervention group received eight sessions of combined mindfulness-based stress reduction and music therapy, while the control group received no intervention. Results demonstrated significant alleviation of psychological and physiological complications, including reduced pain and anxiety scores and improved sleep quality. The findings suggested that music therapy, when combined with other interventions, could enhance the quality of life for cancer patients (Liu et al., 2019).

    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources

    Article 3: Effectiveness of Five-Element Music Therapy in Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    This article aimed to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of five-element music therapy on anxiety, quality of life, sleep, and depression in cancer patients. The study involved 22 studies with 2053 cancer patients. The meta-analysis revealed significant differences in relieving pain, improving sleep quality, and reducing depression. However, no significant difference was observed in alleviating anxiety. The authors concluded that five-element music therapy positively impacted the quality of life, sleep, pain, and depression in cancer patients (Yang et al., 2021).

    Evidence Synthesis

    Pain significantly affects the physical, physiological, and psychological well-being of cancer patients. Music therapy is advocated as an effective intervention to improve mood, reduce anxiety, and alleviate suffering among cancer patients. Music has a measurable impact on physiological parameters, reducing stress hormones and promoting relaxation, serving as an adjunct intervention to enhance the quality of life and pain management for cancer patients.

    Safety of Music Therapy

    Music therapy is a safe intervention with advantages over conventional pain management methods. Unlike pharmacological interventions, music therapy involves no invasive procedures, reducing the risk of infection and interference with circulatory and muscular systems. Additionally, it eliminates dangers associated with overdosing, erratic medication, underdosing, and drug abuse. Music therapy is a safe and appropriate intervention that complements other pain management approaches, ultimately improving the overall quality of life for cancer patients.


    In conclusion, the intense pain associated with cancer profoundly impacts the quality of life for patients. Music therapy emerges as a significant, safe, and effective intervention that surpasses some conventional pain-relieving methods. It not only reduces pain but also addresses associated symptoms such as depression, stress, and anxiety. Future research should focus on integrating music therapy into oncology practices to fully harness its potential positive impact.


    Köhler, F., Martin, Z. S., Hertrampf, R. S., Gäbel, C., Kessler, J., Ditzen, B., & Warth, M. (2020). Music therapy in the psychosocial treatment of adult cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 651.

    Liu, H., Gao, X., & Hou, Y. (2019). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction combined with music therapy on pain, anxiety, and sleep quality in patients with osteosarcoma. Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry, 41(6), 540-545.

    Yang, T., Wang, S., Wang, R., Wei, Y., Kang, Y., Liu, Y., & Zhang, C. (2021). Effectiveness of five-element music therapy in cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 44, 101416.

    NURS FPX 8045 Assessment 4 Interpretation and Synthesis of Scholarly Sources