THIS IS A RESPONSE TO A PEER-150 WORDS 1 NURSING REFERENCE WITHIN 5 YEARS
How do older African Americans males (P) with a diagnosis of (HIV) human immunodeficiency virus (I) in rural southern United States compared to other parts of the country (C) exploring perceptions and experiences of aging with the disease process (O) during the reported new HIV cases in 2014 (T).
Important to Nursing Practice and Impact on Health Outcomes
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The review of HIV among aging African American males is relevant in nursing practice is to become aware, make prevention, apply treatment, and have an early diagnosis to prevent the spread of HIV not only among African American males but to all race, gender, and age. According to Blake, Taylor, & Sowell (2017), estimates indicate that 44% of all people diagnosed with HIV are living in the southern region of the United States. HIV remains a serious health issue for the nation due to the vast spread of disease. African Americans represent 13.2% of the United States population, however, 44% (19,540) of reported new HIV cases in 2014 were diagnosed within this ethnic group and it is estimated that 21% of adults living with HIV are 50 years or older as reported by Blake, Taylor, & Sowell (2017). HIV disease has a great impact on society, it may cause as a source of discrimination, rising mortality, falling socio-economic productivity due to illness, lack of income, and burden to the healthcare. The southern epidemic was initially in urban centers; however, the region now has a greater number of newly diagnosed cases of HIV in rural and suburban areas compared with similar areas in other parts of the country (Reif et al., 2015).
Two Barriers while Exploring this Problem and Actions can be Used
After thoroughly researching the article, Blake, Taylor, & Sowell (2017) concluded that Southern African American men reported having to deal with conditions such as diabetes, stroke, heart conditions, and decreasing mobility in addition to having to manage their HIV and potential side effects of a weakened immune system as part of HIV and aging. Southern states struggle with inequalities believed that the stigma they faced was because of a lack of education and ignorance in the community about HIV (Blake, Taylor, & Sowell, 2017). Educational reinforcement such as provide health teaching of the disease process and reinforce to giving attention of themselves by following scheduled medication. Set behavior modifications such as eating nutritional diet, balanced exercise, and avoiding drugs, alcohol, and smoking.